The most common sports injuries are rotator cuff (shoulder) problems, elbow tendinitis, knee injuries like cartilage (meniscus) and ligament (ACL) tears, Achilles tendon injuries, sprains, strains, fractures and dislocations.
Avoiding Sports Injuries
Sports and other exercise are good for you, but how can you get the fitness benefits without the injuries?
- Be prepared with proper equipment, clothing, shoes and protective devices
- Understand and follow all rules and safety precautions
- Warm up and stretch properly
- Train correctly
- Practice and play smartly, particularly for mature and youth athletes, who may be susceptible to different injury types
Caring for Injuries
Most sports injuries like strains and sprains will heal on their own with some prudent home care. If you get hurt, stop the activity and apply RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevation) as soon as possible.
Once the swelling decreases, you can begin gentle range of motion exercise for the injured area. Rehabilitate your injury completely before returning to practice, competition or activity, and when you do resume, start gradually. To prevent re-injury, consider protecting the area with special equipment or a brace.
Seeking Medical Attention
Contact us if you experience any of the following:
- Severe pain or pain that lasts more than two weeks in a joint or bone
- Significant swelling around a joint
- Inability to move the injured part
- Persistent numbness, tingling or weakness in injured area
- An injury that doesn’t heal in three weeks
- Signs of infection like pus, red streaks around injury, swollen lymph nodes or fever